Analysis: Boom in European bank earnings hints at a rally with legs


Analysis: Boom in European bank earnings hints at a rally with legs


Europe’s banks, which enjoyed a stellar fourth-quarter that yielded a surge in earnings growth to 15-year highs, are still looking cheap and could have more room to rally.

Economic data hasn’t been as bad as many had feared. The euro zone is expected to stagnate rather than contract, while cost of borrowing is still rising.

STOXX 600 financials are expected to have had the highest earnings growth rate of any sector in the last quarter of 2022, and brokers and investors have taken note, responding with a flurry of upgrades to the sector as well as inflows.

The STOXX banks index has climbed almost 20% so far in 2023 to five-year highs, and along with auto, travel and leisure stocks, is a contender for best-performing sector.

Shares in UniCredit are up a whopping 35% this year, with the Italian lender galvanising investors by pledging to return 5.25 billion euros ($5.58 billion) from its 2022 earnings after a record quarterly profit.

The European Central Bank’s campaign to raise interest rates as it fights to bring inflation back to its 2% target has been a boon for euro zone lenders.

Some of the expectations for higher ECB rates have already translated into higher stock prices, but analysts flagged shares still look cheap compared to their historical average.

“A lot of the good news of how yields have gone up and the relief from no imminent recession is fully reflected in their prices,” said Hani Redha, global multi-asset portfolio manager at PineBridge, which has $143.1 billion under management.

But “this is a sector that has lagged for a long, long time, particularly in Europe… they (banks) are not necessarily that expensive on a secular basis,” he added.

European bank shares are trading at just 0.73 times their price-to-book value, according to Refinitiv Datastream. This is below their 20-year average of closer to 1.0 and much cheaper than their U.S. peers, which are trading at around 1.1 times.

With the ECB a bit behind the likes of the UK and U.S. central banks, which started raising rates months earlier, equity strategists said there is potential for further bank earnings upgrades in the region.

In the meantime, euro zone lenders’ earnings per share (EPS) have surged to their highest since the global financial crisis in 2008.

The bloc’s biggest bank, BNP Paribas, raised its 2025 targets and announced buybacks, even if it missed expectations in the fourth quarter. Credit Agricole, France’s second-biggest listed bank, posted a higher-than-expected profit, driven by lower provisions for bad loans and a strong performance at its investment banking division.


Fourth-quarter earnings for STOXX 600 financials are forecast to have surged by 44.7% year-on-year to 32.7 billion euros, compared with a drop of 10% in the third quarter, according to Refinitiv I/B/E/S data.

This is the biggest increase for any sector, and across the whole of the STOXX 600 the rate of growth is expected to come in at 11.3%.

Morgan Stanley estimates almost half of Europe’s financials will beat earnings-per-share estimates this earnings season.

“In Europe, earnings upgrades are ongoing and we think there is still some potential for further upgrades, especially if loan loss provisions get revised down as the year progresses,” says Claudia Von Turk, Lombard Odier equity analyst.

In the United State, where the rate cycle is more advanced, there’s less potential for earnings upgrades at this point, she said.

But higher interest rates will eventually stop juicing banks’ income.

Europe’s biggest bank, HSBC, reported a 92% surge in quarterly profit, but delivered a cautious outlook.

Similarly, Societe Generale, France’s third-biggest bank and Spain’s Santander, the second-biggest lender in the euro zone, both handily beat expectations but beefed up their buffers against more uncertain economic conditions.

But for now, with the risk of a deep euro zone recession receding and business activity improving as energy prices fall and China re-opens, there is “still room for the banks to run,” said Emmanuel Cau, Barclays head of equity strategy.

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